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Infants & Young Children:
Original Article

Spectrum of Early Intervention Services for Children With Intrauterine Drug Exposure

Belcher, Harolyn M. E. MD, MHS; Butz, Arlene M. MSN, ScD, RN; Wallace, Pamela PhD; Hoon, Alexander H. MD, MPH; Reinhardt, Elsie CPNP; Reeves, Sharon A. MAS, MSN, RN; Pulsifer, Margaret B. PhD

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Abstract

Intrauterine illicit drug exposure may lead to a variety of adverse neurobehavioral and neurodevelopmental outcomes. Providing early intervention to reduce the impact of maternal substance abuse on the developing fetus may have significant benefits for the child and family. In this article, we report on 3 promising intervention programs designed to improve the well-being of parents with drug dependence and their children. The initiation of these programs spans from pregnancy through early childhood. All 3 programs are community-based, using comprehensive culturally relevant developmental models. The first program was developed to provide comprehensive care for pregnant women with drug dependence and their newborns. Project STRIVE (Support, Trust, Rehabilitation, Initiative, Values, and Education) provided substance abuse treatment, intensive center- and home-based social work, and parent education onsite at a high-risk obstetric and pediatric clinic. The second program, the Early Infant Transition Center, enrolled newborns with a history of neonatal abstinence syndrome and their mothers. Based in a renovated rowhouse in East Baltimore, one block away from a major urban hospital, the Early Infant Transition Center provided 24-hour nursing care, oncall physicians and nurse practitioners, social workers, parent education, and onsite sleeping accommodation for parents during their infant's recovery. The third program, Home-U-Go Safely, used community-based nurses to give home-based health monitoring, education, and support to new mothers with a history of cocaine and/or opiate dependence.

©2005Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

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