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High-Resolution Three-Dimensional Micro-Computed Tomography Detects Bone Loss and Changes in Trabecular Architecture Early: Comparison with DEXA and Bone Histomorphometry in a Rat Model of Disuse Osteoporosis

BAROU, ODILE; VALENTIN, DAVID; VICO, LAURENCE; TIRODE, CATHERINE; BARBIER, ALAIN; ALEXANDRE, CHRISTIAN; LAFAGE-PROUST, MARIE-HÉLÈNE

Original Investigations

Barou O, Valentin D, Vico L, et al. High-resolution three-dimensional micro-computed tomography detects bone loss and changes in trabecular architecture early: comparison with DEXA and bone histomorphometry in a rat model of disuse osteoporosis. Invest Radiol 2002;37:40–46.

rationale and objectives. The ability of three-dimensional micro-computed tomography (3D-μCT) to detect changes in a rat model of disuse osteoporosis was evaluated and compared with two reference techniques: dual x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) for bone mass, and bone histomorphometry (BHM) for bone mass and trabecular micro-architecture.

methods. Forty-two rats were divided into controls or were hindlimb unloaded for 7, 13, and 23 days. DEXA bone mineral density measurements were performed on right tibiae. Then, after plastic embedding, bone volume (BV/TV) and trabecular (Tb)-derived parameters of trabecular bone architecture (Tb Th, thickness; Tb N, number) were measured with BHM. 3D-μCT measurements of BV/TV, Tb Th, and Tb N were carried out on left tibiae.

results. Unloaded rats lost bone in a time-dependent manner. DEXA and 3D-μCT detected bone loss earlier than BHM. The decreases in Tb Th and Tb N were observed at day 13 only with 3D-μCT (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively). All bone mass and architectural parameters measured with the three techniques correlated significantly (0.59, 0.89, P < 0.001), except Tb Th.

conclusions. 3D-μCT is a valid technique for bone mass and micro-architecture measurements in this rat model of disuse osteoporosis.

From the Laboratoire de Biologie et de Biochimie du Tissu Osseux, Equipe Mixte INSERM 9901, Faculté de Médecine, Saint-Etienne; and Département de Pharmacologie Générale, SANOFI Recherche, Montpellier, France.

Supported in part by SANOFI Recherche (Montpellier, France) and Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (Paris, France).

Reprint requests: Marie-Hélène Lafage-Proust, Laboratoire de Biologie et de Biochimie du Tissu Osseux, Faculté de Médecine, 15 rue a Paré, 42023 Saint -Etienne cedex 2, France. e-mail: lafagemh@univ-st-etienne.fr

Received July 12, 2001, and accepted for publication, after revision, October 8, 2000.

© 2002 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.