Skip Navigation LinksHome > March 2000 - Volume 15 - Issue 2 > The effect of citalopram treatment on platelet serotonin fun...
International Clinical Psychopharmacology:
RESEARCH REPORTS: PDF Only

The effect of citalopram treatment on platelet serotonin function in panic disorders.

Neuger, J.; Wistedt, B.; Sinner, B.; Åberg-Wistedt, A.; Stain-Malmgren, R.

Collapse Box

Abstract

: We investigated the effect of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) citalopram after 6-8 weeks and 6 months of treatment on clinical and peripheral indexes for central serotonergic function: platelet [14C]serotonin uptake and [3H]paroxetine- and [3H]LSD-binding to platelets membranes in 33 patients with panic disorder. Basal data from patients were compared with data from a control material consisting of 33 healthy volunteers. Bmax for platelet [3H]paroxetine binding was significantly lower in patients than in controls. There were no differences in serotonin uptake or [3H]LSD-binding between patients and controls. The degree of anxiety and depression was assessed using the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and Beck Depression Inventory self-assessment scales, and the Clinical Anxiety Scale and the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale for clinical evaluation. Complete remission was found in one third of the patients after 6-8 weeks and in two-thirds after 6 months of treatment. The reduction in assessment scores was parallelled with similar reductions in platelet 5-HT2-receptor density, [3H]LSD affinity variable (Kd) and Vmax for platelet [14C]5-HT uptake. Citalopram treatment did not alter Bmax and Kd for platelet [3H]paroxetine-binding. A positive correlation was found between Vmax for the platelet [14C]5-HT uptake and BAI after 6 months citalopram treatment. The present study shows that citalopram has a therapeutic effect in panic disorders. A prerequisite of responding to treatment might be plasticity in the serotonergic system.

(C) 2000 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

Login

Article Tools

Share

Article Level Metrics

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.