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Streptomyces Pneumonia in an Immunocompromised Patient: A Case Report and a Review of Literature

Yacoub, Abraham T. MD*; Velez, Ana Paula MD, FACP; Khwaja, Sara I. MD, MS*; Sandin, Ramon L. MD, MS, FCAP; Greene, John MD, FACP*

Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice:
doi: 10.1097/IPC.0000000000000172
Case Reports
Abstract

Abstract: Of the 3 main soil-associated bacteria, Nocardia, Actinomyces, and Streptomyces, the latter is the least well known. It rarely causes infection in humans. The most common infection with Streptomyces is mycetoma acquired through traumatic inoculation. Even less common is Streptomyces infection without direct soil exposure. The focus of our study is Streptomyces infections in immunocompromised patients with cancer.

Author Information

From the *H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, †Division of Infectious Diseases and International Medicine, College of Medicine, University of South Florida, and ‡Clinical Microbiology and Virology Laboratories, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa, FL.

Correspondence to: John Greene, MD, FACP, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33612-9497. E-mail: john.greene@moffitt.org.

The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.