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Cryptococcus neoformans as a Rare Cause of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in a Healthy 24-Year-Old

Cho, Roy MD*; Harmon, Keith MD; Davies, Scott MD*

Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice:
doi: 10.1097/IPC.0000000000000117
Case Reports

Abstract: Symptomatic pulmonary cryptococcus is rare in healthy patients and uncommon even in immunocompromised patients. We describe a case of pulmonary cryptococcus that caused acute respiratory distress syndrome in a healthy host. Distinctively, this case is a rare description of significant respiratory failure from isolated pulmonary Cryptococcus neoformans with the exclusion of Cryptococcus gattii and review of the literature.

Author Information

From the *Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN and †Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, University of Minnesota and Park Nicollet Methodist Hospital, Minneapolis, MN.

Correspondence to: Roy Cho, MD, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Hennepin County Medical Center, G5, 701 Park Ave, Minneapolis, MN 55415. E-mail:

The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.