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Patients With Recalcitrant Clostridium difficile–Associated Diarrhea Treated Successfully With Fidaxomicin: A Case Series

Bono, Bartholomew R. MD*; Culshaw, Darren L. PharmD; Mitropoulos, Isaac F. PharmD; Chaudhry, Saira B. PharmD, MPH§

Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: March 2014 - Volume 22 - Issue 2 - p 92–95
doi: 10.1097/IPC.0b013e31829ff59b
Original Articles

The treatment of unresponsive or recurrent Clostridium difficile infection can be challenging. Compared to vancomycin, fidaxomicin has demonstrated significantly lower rates of first and second recurrences. However, there are limited data available for treating patients with multiple episodes of recurrence. We report on 8 recent patients treated with fidaxomicin after failing or not responding to at least 2 previous therapies. The treatment of 5 outpatients with mild to moderate disease and 3 inpatients with severe disease ultimately was changed to fidaxomicin and achieved clinical response, defined as resolution of diarrhea at the end of fidaxomicin therapy for which no further treatment was required. Follow-up ranged from 60 days to 21 months. Only one patient experienced recurrence, but sustained clinical response was achieved with a second course of fidaxomicin. Although further research is warranted, fidaxomicin may be useful in the treatment of Clostridium difficile infection in patients unresponsive to multiple regimens or with multiple recurrences.

From the *Division of Infectious Disease, Bryn Mawr Medical Specialists Association, Bryn Mawr, PA; †Medical Affairs, Cubist Pharmaceuticals, Lexington, MA; ‡Medical Affairs, Optimer Pharmaceuticals, San Diego, CA and §Infectious Diseases Department, Jersey Shore University Medical Center, Neptune, NJ; Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ.

Correspondence to: Bartholomew R. Bono, MD, Division of Infectious Disease, Bryn Mawr Medical Specialists Association, 933 Haverford Rd, Bryn Mawr, PA 19010. E-mail: bartholomewbono@yahoo.com.

DC is an employee and stockholder of Cubist Pharmaceuticals. IM is an employee and stockholder of Optimer Pharmaceuticals. BB and SC have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.