Emphysematous Pyelonephritis Due to Prevotella bivia: A Rare Organism Causing a Rare ConditionJain, Deepali MD, MBA*; Elhwairis, Huda MD*; Campe, Julie BA†Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: January 2013 - Volume 21 - Issue 1 - p 69–72 doi: 10.1097/IPC.0b013e3182639f51 Case Reports Abstract Author Information Prevotella bivia, an anaerobic organism known for causing obstetric-gynecologic infections, is now gaining notoriety for its increased detection in various nonobstetric infections. Although a limited number of nonobstetric cases of P. bivia–causing infection have been reported to date, so far no cases have been reported for P. bivia as a cause of pyelonephritis. We present a rare case of P. bivia causing the rare condition of emphysematous pyelonephritis. From the Departments of *Internal Medicine, and †Graduate Medical Education, Hurley Medical Center, Flint MI 48503. Correspondence to: Deepali Jain, MD, MBA, Department of Internal Medicine, Hurley Medical Center, Two Hurley Plaza, Suite 212, Flint, MI 48503. E-mail: HElhwai1@hurleymc.com; firstname.lastname@example.org. The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose. © 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.