Pediatric Case Report of Chronic Colitis Associated With an Unusual Serotype of Streptococcus pneumoniaeShields, Thomas Matthew MD*; Chen, Kathy D. MD*†; Gould, Jane M. MD*‡Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: September 2012 - Volume 20 - Issue 5 - p 357–358 doi: 10.1097/IPC.0b013e318248f122 Case Reports Abstract Author Information Abstract: Streptococcus pneumoniae has been implicated as a cause of concomitant enteritis in children with otitis media, sinusitis, pneumonia, and meningitis. However, isolated pneumococcal enteritis has rarely been reported. We report a patient who presented with bloody diarrhea due to S pneumoniae serotype 17F without evidence of infection elsewhere. From the *Department of Pediatrics, Drexel University College of Medicine; Sections of †Gastroenterology and ‡Infectious Diseases, St. Christopher’s Hospital for Children, Philadelphia, PA. Correspondence to: T. Matthew Shields, MD, Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, University of Rochester Medical Center, PO Box 667, 601 Elmwood Ave, Rochester, NY 14642. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose. © 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.