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Curtobacterium Brain Abscess: Case Report

Rivera, Rey MD*; Cheema, Asima MD; Mai, Jane MD*; Oehler, Richard L. MD, FACP; Sandin, Ramon L. MD, MS, FCAP§; Greene, John N. MD, FACP

Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: July 2012 - Volume 20 - Issue 4 - p e17–e19
doi: 10.1097/IPC.0b013e318255d5bc
Case Reports

Abstract: Curtobacteria are beaded, filamentous, gram-positive rods found in the environment. Based on detailed phenotypic and chemotaxonomic investigations, there are 7 recognized Curtobacterium species with only one documented report involving their isolation from humans. Furthermore, there have been no previous publications showing definitive identification of a specific Curtobacterium species in blood cultures or other normally sterile body sites. We report a rare and unique case of a brain abscess caused by 2 Curtobacterium species: C citreum and C flaccumfaciens. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of Curtobacterium brain abscess reported in the literature.

From the *Department of Internal Medicine, University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa, FL; †Division of Infectious Diseases, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL; ‡Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, University of South Florida College of Medicine; Division of Infectious Diseases, James A. Haley Veterans Medical Center, Tampa, FL; §Clinical Microbiology and Virology Laboratories; Moffitt Cancer Center; Pathology and Oncological Sciences, University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa, FL and ∥Division of Infectious Diseases, Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute; Internal Medicine and Oncologic Sciences, University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa, FL.

Correspondence to: John N. Greene, MD, FACP, Infectious Diseases, Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute; Internal Medicine and Oncologic Sciences, University of South Florida College of Medicine, 12902 Magnolia Dr, FOB-3, Tampa, FL 33612-9497. E-mail: john.greene@moffitt.org.

The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.

© 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.