Chromobacterium violaceum—A Rare Cause of Infected Pancreatic PseudocystKumar, Anil MD*; Surendran, Sudhindran MS, MCh†; Dinesh, Kavitha R. MD*; Vinod, Vivek MSc*; Karim, Shamsul MD*Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: July 2012 - Volume 20 - Issue 4 - p 282–284 doi: 10.1097/IPC.0b013e31823c4a0d Case Reports Abstract In Brief Author Information Abstract: Of the 2 species of Chromobacterium, Chromobacterium violaceum has been rarely implicated in human disease. It is a bacterium of low virulence causing occasional localized infection and sepsis. We report a case of C. violaceum infection of pancreatic pseudocyst. The patient was treated by cystojejunostomy with Roux-en-Y jejunal loop and antimicrobial therapy with ciprofloxacin and amikacin. As sepsis due to this organism is associated with high mortality, empiric therapy with fluoroquinolones and aminoglycosides is recommended, along with proper surgical management. C. violaceum is an extremely rare cause of pancreatic pseudocyst infection. Given the fact that sepsis due to this organism is associated with high mortality, initial empiric therapy with drugs such as fluoroquinolones and aminoglycosides is recommended, along with proper surgical management to bring about complete resolution. The prognosis should be guarded even when the infection appears to be localized, because of its propensity to disseminate. From the Departments of *Microbiology and †Gastrointestinal Surgery, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kerala, India. Correspondence to: Anil Kumar, MD, Department of Microbiology Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Ponekkara, Kochi, Kerala, India. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose. © 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.