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Pericyst Radiofrequency Ablation Treatment for Hepatic Alveolar Echinococcosis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Lederer, Wolfgang MD, CTCM&H, MSc(CTM)*; Wiedermann, Franz J. MD*; Bale, Reto MD

Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice:
doi: 10.1097/IPC.0b013e3182424135
Review Articles
Abstract

Abstract: Cystic disease of the liver caused by Echinococcus multilocularis remains a serious health concern in many countries. Curative treatment is often restricted to centers with facilities for liver surgery. However, surgical removal of cysts carries the risk of intraoperative or postoperative complications, including the probability of spreading contents, anaphylactic reaction, hemorrhage, infection, abscess formation, and biliary fistula. Pericyst radiofrequency ablation, without penetrating the exocyst, could turn out to be a safe and liver tissue–sparing treatment option. Furthermore, a hospital stay of 2 to 3 days means a reduction in overall costs for hospitalization and treatment.

Author Information

From the *Department of Operational Medicine, Division of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Innsbruck Medical University; and †Section for Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria.

Correspondence to: Wolfgang Lederer, MD, CTCM&H, MSc(CTM), Department of Operational Medicine, Division of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Innsbruck Medical University, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck. E-mail: wolfgang.lederer@i-med.ac.at.

The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.

No government and industry support and no funding were received for this work from any organizations including the following: National Institutes of Health (NIH), Wellcome Trust, and Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI).

Retrospective evaluation and reporting was approved by our Institutional Review Board.

Written informed consent was obtained from the patient.

© 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.