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Klebsiella oxytoca Endocarditis in a Patient With a Bioprosthetic Aortic Valve

Duggal, Abhijit MD, MPH, FACP*; Waraich, Kanwaljit K. MD; Cutrona, Anthony MD, FIDSA, FACP‡§

Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice:
doi: 10.1097/IPC.0b013e318248ef6b
Case Reports
Abstract

Abstract: Klebsiella oxytoca endocarditis is extremely rare, with only 4 cases of isolated K oxytoca endocarditis reported in the literature. We report a case of K oxytoca endocarditis in a patient with a bioprosthetic aortic valve. We also discuss that physicians should consider K pneumoniae and K oxytoca endocarditis as separate entities to be managed differently. We highlight that K oxytoca responds to antibiotic therapy alone, unlike the need for surgical intervention in K pneumoniae endocarditis.

Author Information

From the *Department of Critical Care, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; †Department of Internal Medicine, and ‡Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Western Reserve Care System, Youngstown, OH; §Division of Infectious Diseases, St. Elizabeth Hospital, Youngstown, OH.

Correspondence to: Abhijit Duggal, MD, MPH, FACP, Department of Critical Care, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center, Toronto, Ontario Canada. E-mail: abhijit.duggal@sunnybrook.ca.

The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.

This work was performed at the offices of Northeastern Ohio Infectious Disease Associates, Youngstown, OH.

© 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.