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Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice:
doi: 10.1097/IPC.0b013e318234c3e3
Case Reports

Disseminated Mycobacterium avium Complex in an Immunocompetent Host: A Case Report

Reiss, Kim A. MD*; Lanzkron, Sophie MD; Holland, Steven M. MD; Westergaard, Ryan P. MD, MPH§; Fischer, William A. II MD

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Abstract: Infection with nontuberculous mycobacteria is an important complication among patients with underlying immunosuppression or structural lung disease. Disseminated nontuberculous mycobacterial infection most commonly occurs in severely immunocompromised patients. We report a case of a patient with sickle cell disease who developed disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex and was successfully treated with a 12-month course of azithromycin and ethambutol. Testing for interferon gamma receptor defects failed to demonstrate additional causes of underlying immunodeficiency.

© 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

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