Toxic shock syndrome is a multisystemic illness most often associated with toxins produced by Staphylococcus aureus and group A Streptococcus. An extensive review of available literature revealed many other microbial agents including viruses to be associated with toxic shock syndrome. Parvovirus B-19 is usually a self-limiting illness. There has been only 1 case report of acute Parvovirus B-19 infection in association with severe sepsis. We report the first case of acute Parvovirus B-19 infection that fulfilled the CDC criteria for the diagnosis of Toxic Shock Syndrome in an immunocompetent host.
From the *Columbia University Medical Center, The Affiliation at Harlem Hospital; and †Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center, New York, NY.
Correspondence to: Amandeep Kaur, MD, Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Room 3101 A, 506 Lenox Ave, New York City, NY 10037. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Vel Sivapalan, MD, FACP, Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Room 3101 A, 506 Lenox Ave, New York City, NY 10037. E-mail: email@example.com.
The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.