Concomitant Invasive Listeriosis and Progressive Disseminated Histoplasmosis in a Newly Diagnosed Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected PatientAkhrass, Fadi Al MD*; Hallit, Rabih Riad MD†; Abdallah, Lina PharmD*; Debiane, Labib MD*; McCormack, Owen MD*; Hallit, Souheil MS, PharmD†; Perez, George MD†Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: September 2011 - Volume 19 - Issue 5 - p 313-315 doi: 10.1097/IPC.0b013e318211c449 Review Articles Abstract Author Information Listeriosis is a foodborne disease that occurs mainly in the setting of cell-mediated immunosuppression. Histoplasmosis is a systemic fungal disease. It is usually self-limiting in immunocompetent individuals but occurs in the disseminated form in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Concomitant invasive listeriosis and disseminated histoplasmosis have not been described previously. This case illustrates the complexities of diagnosing multiple infectious diseases in persons with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and the vigilance to obtain a definitive diagnosis so as not to delay appropriate treatment. From the *Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, TX; and †Department of Internal Medicine/Infectious Diseases, Saint Michael's Medical Center, Newark, NJ. Correspondence to: Rabih Riad Hallit, MD, 100 Hepburn Road, Apartment 6-I, Clifton, NJ 07012. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose. © 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.