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Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice:
doi: 10.1097/IPC.0b013e318211c449
Review Articles

Concomitant Invasive Listeriosis and Progressive Disseminated Histoplasmosis in a Newly Diagnosed Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Patient

Akhrass, Fadi Al MD*; Hallit, Rabih Riad MD†; Abdallah, Lina PharmD*; Debiane, Labib MD*; McCormack, Owen MD*; Hallit, Souheil MS, PharmD†; Perez, George MD†

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Listeriosis is a foodborne disease that occurs mainly in the setting of cell-mediated immunosuppression. Histoplasmosis is a systemic fungal disease. It is usually self-limiting in immunocompetent individuals but occurs in the disseminated form in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Concomitant invasive listeriosis and disseminated histoplasmosis have not been described previously. This case illustrates the complexities of diagnosing multiple infectious diseases in persons with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and the vigilance to obtain a definitive diagnosis so as not to delay appropriate treatment.

© 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

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