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Delayed Diagnosis of Disseminated Mycobacterium genavense Infection in a Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Negative Young Woman

Tortoli, Enrico ScD*; Mannino, Roberta ScD*; Carvalho, Anna Cristina MD†; Matteelli, Alberto MD†

Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice:
doi: 10.1097/IPC.0b013e3181fc6e92
Case Reports

We report here a case of Mycobacterium genavense-disseminated infection in a human immunodeficiency virus-negative young patient under immunosuppressive treatment for autoimmune chronic hepatitis type I. The diagnosis was achieved thanks to the detection of Mycobacterium genavense-specific DNA in a hepatic biopsy embedded in paraffin for histologic examination 2 years before.

Author Information

From the *Regional Reference Center for Mycobacteria, Careggi University Hospital, Florence and †Institute of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy.

Correspondence to: Enrico Tortoli, Centro Regionale di Riferimento per la Diagnostica dei Micobatteri, Piastra dei Servizi, A.O.U. Careggi, largo Brambilla 3, 50134 Firenze, Italy. E-mail:

The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.

© 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.