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Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice:
doi: 10.1097/IPC.0b013e3181eaf9cb
Case Reports

Severe Case of Legionella pneumophila Pneumonia in the Debut of Hairy Cell Leukemia: Case Report and Brief Review of the Literature

Huaman, Moises A. MD*; Coz-Yataco, Angel MD†; Pokharna, Hiren MD‡; Stagner, Lisa DO†; Zervos, Marcus J. MD‡

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Legionella pneumophila is an important cause of severe community-acquired pneumonia. An unusually high frequency of L. pneumophila pneumonia has been described among patients with hairy cell leukemia; however, L. pneumophila is still underestimated and frequently remains undiagnosed among patients with this malignant disease. We describe the case of a middle-aged man who developed severe sepsis and multiorgan failure owing to L. pneumophila pneumonia in the setting of newly diagnosed hairy cell leukemia.

© 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

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