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Malaria in Romania and Its Relationship to International Travel

Neghina, Raul MD; Neghina, Adriana M. MD; Iacobiciu, Ioan PhD

Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: May 2010 - Volume 18 - Issue 3 - p 159-161
doi: 10.1097/IPC.0b013e3181cd691a
Review Articles

Malaria, a vector-borne febrile infection, is one of the major causes of disease for people living in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide. During the period 1980-2007, 579 cases were registered in Romania in individuals traveling to and from malaria-endemic countries. The median number of malaria cases per year was 20 with a range of 5 to 53, and in 67.7% (n = 392) of these cases, the causative protozoan species was Plasmodium falciparum. Most of Romania's malaria cases were recorded during the period 1996-2000 resulting from the massive emigration of its citizens seeking better jobs abroad. The international destinations that held the highest risk of acquiring Romania's malaria were the African countries where P. falciparum was largely responsible for infection. Although prophylaxis has been mandatory for such travelers, failure to prevent the disease in these individuals was likely because of underestimation of the infective risk.

From the Victor Babeş University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timişoara, Romania.

Reprints: Raul Neghina, MD, 2 Eftimie Murgu Square, 300041 Timişoara, Romania. E-mail: raul.neghina@gmail.com.

The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.

© 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.