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Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice:
doi: 10.1097/IPC.0b013e3181aba67c
Review Articles

Role of Inflammatory Markers in the Diagnosis and Management of Infective Endocarditis

Watkins, Richard R. MD, MS*†; Lemonovich, Tracy L. MD‡

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Abstract

Multiple studies have evaluated various inflammatory markers in the management of infective endocarditis. Currently only one inflammatory marker, rheumatoid factor, is part of the modified Duke criteria for the diagnosis of infective endocarditis. A review of the strengths and weaknesses of these markers follows. Recommendations for and against their clinical use are presented.

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