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Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice:
doi: 10.1097/IPC.0b013e3181917839
Case Reports

Simultaneous Isolation of Mycobacterium gastri and Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a Patient With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection

de Armas, Yaxsier MD*; Capó, Virginia MD*; Mederos, Lilian MD†; Díaz, Raúl MD†; Hengge, Ulrich R. MD, MBA‡

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Abstract

Typical and atypical mycobacterial infections show a dramatic increase among acquired immune deficiency syndrome patients despite highly-active antiretroviral therapy. The diagnostic challenge is to identify both typical and atypical strains from patient materials in a reasonable time. Here, we present the first case in which both Mycobacterium gastri and Mycobacterium tuberculosis were isolated in the same specimen (ie, sputum).

© 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.