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Citrobacter koseri Endocarditis in a Patient Undergoing Hemodialysis: Case Report and Review of the Literature

Figueroa Castro, Carlos E. MD*; Smith, Philip W. MD†

Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: May 2009 - Volume 17 - Issue 3 - pp 198-200
doi: 10.1097/IPC.0b013e3181812c28
Case Reports

Patients with chronic kidney failure have an increased risk of bacteremia and endocarditis. Gram-negative rods are not a common cause of endocarditis, but morbidity and mortality are significant. Citrobacter, a gram-negative rod, is a rare cause of infective endocarditis. We report a case of Citrobacter koseri endocarditis in a patient undergoing hemodialysis.

From the *Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Creighton University School of Medicine, and †Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center,Omaha, NE.

Reprints: Carlos E. Figueroa Castro, MD, Creighton University School of Medicine, 4101 Woolworth Ave 111D, Omaha, NE 68105. E-mail: carlos_figueroa_c@yahoo.com.

© 2009 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.