Rhabdomyolysis is the degeneration of skeletal muscle due to several causes, which are broadly classified as traumatic and nontraumatic. Although rhabdomyolysis is a recognized complication of long-term human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and as a possible toxicity of many antiretroviral medications, it is extraordinarily rare as a presenting manifestation of acute HIV seroconversion illness. We report an adolescent with HIV seroconversion in whom rhabdomyolysis was the presenting manifestation.
From the *HIV Clinical Trials Unit, Division of Infectious Diseases, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA; †Division of Allergy, Immunology and Infectious Diseases, The Children's Hospital at Saint Peter's University Hospital, New Brunswick, NJ; and ‡Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA.
Reprints: Robert W. Tolan, Jr, MD, MOB 3110, 254 Easton Ave, New Brunswick, NJ 08901. E-mail: RTolan@saintpetersuh.com.
The authors received no financial support for the preparation of this report and have no conflicts of interest to report.