You could be reading the full-text of this article now if you...

If you have access to this article through your institution,
you can view this article in

Rhabdomyolysis as the Presenting Manifestation of Acute Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in an Adolescent: Case Report and Literature Review

Maniar, Alok J. MB, BS*; Tolan, Robert W. Jr MD†‡

Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice:
doi: 10.1097/IPC.0b013e318184d767
Review Articles

Rhabdomyolysis is the degeneration of skeletal muscle due to several causes, which are broadly classified as traumatic and nontraumatic. Although rhabdomyolysis is a recognized complication of long-term human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and as a possible toxicity of many antiretroviral medications, it is extraordinarily rare as a presenting manifestation of acute HIV seroconversion illness. We report an adolescent with HIV seroconversion in whom rhabdomyolysis was the presenting manifestation.

Author Information

From the *HIV Clinical Trials Unit, Division of Infectious Diseases, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA; †Division of Allergy, Immunology and Infectious Diseases, The Children's Hospital at Saint Peter's University Hospital, New Brunswick, NJ; and ‡Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA.

Reprints: Robert W. Tolan, Jr, MD, MOB 3110, 254 Easton Ave, New Brunswick, NJ 08901. E-mail:

The authors received no financial support for the preparation of this report and have no conflicts of interest to report.

© 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.