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Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice:
doi: 10.1097/IPC.0b013e318184d767
Review Articles

Rhabdomyolysis as the Presenting Manifestation of Acute Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in an Adolescent: Case Report and Literature Review

Maniar, Alok J. MB, BS*; Tolan, Robert W. Jr MD†‡

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Abstract

Rhabdomyolysis is the degeneration of skeletal muscle due to several causes, which are broadly classified as traumatic and nontraumatic. Although rhabdomyolysis is a recognized complication of long-term human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and as a possible toxicity of many antiretroviral medications, it is extraordinarily rare as a presenting manifestation of acute HIV seroconversion illness. We report an adolescent with HIV seroconversion in whom rhabdomyolysis was the presenting manifestation.

© 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.