Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a new porcine biomaterial and collagen paste in 20 New Zealand rabbits.
Materials and Methods: Forty implants using a porcine xenograft made up of 80% corticocancellous collagenated bone particles of ≤300 μm in size were placed in the proximal metaphyseal area of both tibiae. Four periods of time were formed: 1h, 5, 8, and 15 months. After implantation, an anteroposterior and lateral radiological study was carried out. Samples were sectioned at 5 μm and stained using hematoxylin-eosin, Masson's trichromic, and Gordon-Switt reticulin stains.
Results: These results confirmed the biocompatibility of this porcine biomaterial-collagen paste; only a few, occasional macrophages and scattered lymphocytes were observed. No fibrosis was observed between the implants and the bone. Moreover, the material was osteoconductive acting as a “scaffold” for bone cells, and there was a progressive increase in bone growth in and around the implants.
Conclusion: This new porcine biomaterial-collagen paste seemed to be biocompatible, bioresorbable, and osteoconductive.