Objective: The aim of this study is to compare the clinicopathological features and survival of young women with endometrial cancer (aged <50 years) with those of older women with endometrial cancer (aged ≥50 years).
Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients with histologically confirmed endometrial cancer treated at the Taipei Veterans General Hospital from 2001 to 2010.
Results: One hundred forty-six patients (28.5%) were aged younger than 50 years at diagnosis. The median follow-up was 36.5 months (range, 0.9–121.7 months). Low body mass index (P < 0.001), nulliparity (P < 0.001), less medical illness (P < 0.001), synchronous primary ovarian cancer (P = 0.001), endometrioid type (P = 0.005), low tumor grade (P < 0.001), no para-aortic lymph node involvement (P < 0.047), less myometrial invasion (P < 0.001), and no vascular space invasion (P = 0.001) were common among the younger women compared with the older women. There were significant differences in the disease-free survival (P = 0.006) and overall survival (P = 0.004) between the 2 groups. In the multivariate Cox model, advanced stage had an effect on both disease-free survival (P = 0.004) and overall survival (P = 0.050).
Conclusions: Nulliparity, body mass index less than or equal to 23 kg/m2, endometrioid type, low-grade tumor, synchronous primary ovarian cancer, and favorable survival were common among the younger women.