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International Journal of Gynecological Cancer:
doi: 10.1097/IGC.0000000000000114
Cervical Cancer

Nerve-Sparing Radical Abdominal Trachelectomy Versus Nerve-Sparing Radical Hysterectomy in Early-Stage (FIGO IA2-IB) Cervical Cancer: A Comparative Study on Feasibility and Outcome

van Gent, Mignon Dingena Johanna Maria MD; van den Haak, Lukas Wesley MD; Gaarenstroom, Katja Nicolien MD, PhD; Peters, Alexander A. W. MD, PhD; van Poelgeest, Mariette Inie Elisabeth MD, PhD; Trimbos, Johanes Baptist Maria Zacharias MD, PhD; de Kroon, Cor Doede MD, PhD

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Abstract

Objectives

Standard treatment in early-stage cervical cancer is a radical hysterectomy (RH) with pelvic lymphadenectomy. In women who wish to preserve fertility radical vaginal trachelectomy has been proposed; however, this is not feasible in larger tumors, and nerve-sparing surgery is not possible. Nerve-sparing radical abdominal trachelectomy (NSRAT) overcomes these disadvantages.

Methods

Case-control study of women with early-stage cervical cancer (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics IA2-IB) submitted to NSRAT from 2000 until 2011. Women submitted to nerve-sparing RH with early-stage cervical cancer were included as control subjects.

Results

Twenty-eight patients and 77 control subjects were included. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy was administered in 3 women before NSRAT because the linear extension was or exceeded 40 mm. Local recurrence rate was 3.6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.00–10.6) in the NSRAT group compared with 7.8% (95% CI, 1.7–13.9) in the control group (P = 0.44). No significant difference was found between both groups regarding disease-free survival and survival. The overall pregnancy rate was 52.9% (95% CI, 28.7%–77.2%). The mean follow-up was 47.3 months (range, 6–122 months) for NSRAT and 51.8 months (11–129.6 months) for nerve-sparing RH.

Conclusions

Nerve-sparing radical abdominal trachelectomy seems safe and effective in women with early-stage cervical cancer who wish to preserve fertility. Respective women should be informed about this treatment option, especially if the tumor is too large for radical vaginal trachelectomy.

Copyright © 2014 by IGCS and ESGO

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