Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the prognostic factors in women with synchronous endometrial and ovarian cancers.
Methods: Medical records of 3240 patients with endometrial cancer who had undergone primary surgery were collected from 7 institutions and were retrospectively reviewed. The progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) curves and rates were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariate analysis to determine independent prognostic factors was performed using the Cox regression model.
Results: The incidence of synchronous endometrial/ovarian cancer was 3.8% (123/3240 women). During the median follow-up period of 66 months, 33.3% and 26.1% of women developed recurrences and reported cancer-related deaths. The 5-year PFS and 5-year OS for all 123 women were 66.9% and 80.0%, respectively. In multivariate analysis, pretreatment CA-125 and tumor stage of the ovary showed prognostic significance about PFS (P = 0.043 and P = 0.027) and OS (P = 0.047 and P = 0.031), respectively.
Conclusions: Pretreatment CA-125 and tumor stage of the ovary were independent prognostic factors for recurrence and survival.