Objective: Vaginal radical trachelectomy (VRT) is the most widely evaluated form of conservative management of young patients with early-stage (IB1) cervical cancer. Patients with nodal involvement or a tumor size greater than 2 cm are not eligible for such treatment. The aim of this study is to report the impact of a “staging” conization before VRT.
Methods: This is a retrospective study of 34 patients potentially selected for VRT for a clinical and radiologic cervical tumor less than 2 cm. Among them, 28 underwent finally a VRT (20 of them having a previous conization before this procedure) and 6 patients with macroscopic cervical cancer, confirmed by punch biopsies, “eligible” for VRT (<2 cm) had undergone “staging” conization (without further VRT) to confirm the tumor size and lymphovascular space involvement (LVSI) status.
Results: Six patients having “staging” conization before VRT had finally been deemed contraindications to VRT due to the presence of a histologically confirmed tumor greater than 2 cm and/or associated with multiple foci of LVSI. Among 28 patients who underwent VRT, 1 received adjuvant chemoradiation (this patient recurred and died of disease). Two patients treated with RVT (without postoperative treatment) recurred. Ten pregnancies (9 spontaneous and 1 induced) were observed in 9 patients. Among 4 patients with macroscopic “visible” tumor who do not underwent a “staging” conization before VRT, 2 recurred. Among 11 patients who underwent VRT and having LVSI, 3 recurred.
Conclusions: These results suggest that if a conization is not performed initially, it should then be included among the staging procedures to select patients for VRT.