Background: The clear cell borderline ovarian tumor (CCBOT) of the ovary is a rare tumor accounting for less than 1% of BOT. Fewer than 25 cases have been reported in the literature (including details on clinical management and outcomes). The aim of this study was to determine the prognosis of a series of CCBOTs collected in 2 reference centers.
Patients and Methods: This was a retrospective review of patients with CCBOT treated or referred to our institutions. A centralized histological review by a reference pathologist and data on the clinical characteristics, management, and outcomes of patients were required for inclusion.
Results: Twelve patients were identified between 2000 and 2010. The median age of patients was 68 years (range, 36–83 years). Two had been treated conservatively and 9 radically (data unknown in 1). The tumor was unilateral in 11 cases. All patients had stage I disease. All cases were CCBOT with an adenofibromatous pattern. Stromal microinvasion or intraepithelial carcinoma was histologically associated in 2 and 3 cases, respectively. Four of the 12 patients had synchronous endometrial disorders (but no endometrioid carcinoma). No cases were histologically associated with endometriosis. Four patients were lost to follow-up. Among 8 other patients, after a median period of 28 months (range, 2–129 months), no recurrence had occurred (1 patient had died of another disease).
Conclusion: Clear cell borderline ovarian tumor carries a good prognosis. All tumors are stage I; therefore, surgical staging is not necessary in most of the cases. Conservative treatment could be proposed to young patients, but uterine curettage would then be required in cases of uterine preservation.