Sexual health is a broad term that encompasses a variety of functions including sexual thoughts, desire, arousal, intercourse, orgasm, and the impact of body image. Sexual dysfunction in individuals with inflammatory bowel disease is multifactorial including the impact of psychosocial factors, disease activity, medical therapies, surgical interventions, body image perceptions and changes, hypogonadism, and pelvic floor disorders. Providers caring for patients with inflammatory bowel disease should be cognizant of these concerns and develop management plans and techniques for earlier diagnosis and treatment.
Article first published online 11 December 2014.
*Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; and
†Department of Medicine, Veterans Affairs, Maryland Health Care System, Baltimore, MD.
Reprints: Leyla J. Ghazi, MD, 100 North Greene Street, Lower Level, Baltimore, MD 21201 (e-mail: email@example.com).
L.J. Ghazi has received income from consulting from Abbvie Laboratories and UCB, and has participated in advisory boards for Abbvie Laboratories. R. K. Cross has education grants from Abbvie Laboratories, Janssen, and UCB, Inc. and research grants from Abbvie Laboratories. He has received income from consulting from Abbvie Laboratories and has participated in advisory boards for Abbvie Laboratories and Janssen. The other authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.
Received June 16, 2014
Accepted October 02, 2014