Background: Although the nature and frequency of postoperative complications after intestinal resection in patients with inflammatory bowel disease have been previously described, short-term readmission has not been characterized in population-based studies. We therefore assessed the risk of postoperative complications and emergent readmissions after discharge from an intestinal resection.
Methods: We used a Canadian provincial-wide inpatient hospitalization database to identify 2638 Crohn's disease (CD) and 559 ulcerative colitis (UC) admissions with intestinal resection from 2002 to 2011. We identified the cumulative risk of in-hospital complication and emergent readmission within 90 days after discharge along with predictors for both outcomes using a Poisson regression for binary outcomes.
Results: The cumulative risks of in-hospital postoperative complications and 90-day emergent readmission were 23.8% and 12.6%, respectively in CD and 33.3% and 11.1%, respectively in UC. The predictors for in-hospital postoperative complications for CD and UC included older age, comorbidities, and open laparatomy for CD, additional predictors included emergent admission, stoma surgery, and concurrent resection of both small and large bowel. The predictors for 90-day readmission for CD included a postoperative complication (risk ratio, 1.61; 95% confidence interval, 1.30–2.01), emergent admission (risk ratio, 1.39; 95% confidence interval, 1.12–1.73), and stoma formation (risk ratio, 1.49; 95% confidence interval, 1.15–1.93) at the hospitalization requiring surgery.
Conclusions: Readmission and postoperative complications are common after intestinal resection in CD and UC. Clinicians should closely monitor surgical patients who required emergent admission, undergo surgery with stoma formation, or develop in-hospital postoperative complications to anticipate need for readmission or interventions to prevent readmission.