Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Skip Navigation LinksHome > August 2014 - Volume 20 - Issue 8 > Lymphocytic Esophagitis in Children
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases:
doi: 10.1097/MIB.0000000000000100
Original Clinical Articles

Lymphocytic Esophagitis in Children

Sutton, Lisa M. MD*,‡; Heintz, D. Dyer MD†,§; Patel, Ashish S. MD†,§; Weinberg, Arthur G. MD*,‡

Collapse Box


Background: Lymphocytic esophagitis (LE) is a term recently suggested for the finding of >20 intraepithelial lymphocytes/high-power field in an esophageal biopsy with no more than a rare granulocyte. Two prior studies of LE suggested an association of LE with Crohn's disease (CD) in young patients, but there has been no systematic review of a large pediatric cohort to determine the prevalence and clinical associations of LE in children.

Methods: All esophageal biopsies performed at a tertiary care pediatric medical center in 2005 were identified (580 biopsies from 545 unique patients). A blinded histologic review was performed to identify LE cases (>50 intraepithelial lymphocytes/high-power field; <1 granulocyte/50 intraepithelial lymphocytes). Clinical characteristics, endoscopic findings, and follow-up data for each case were reviewed independently by a pediatric gastroenterologist.

Results: Thirty-one patients with LE (5.7%) and 49 patients with CD (8.9%) were found among the 545 patients. Six of the 31 LE patients (19%) and 43 of the 514 non-LE patients (8.4%) had CD (P < 0.05). The remaining LE patients had various other clinical diagnoses with no significant clinical correlates. LE was identified in 6 of 49 patients with CD (12.2%) and 25 of 496 patients without CD (5.0%) (P < 0.05). Patients with both LE and CD had a more prominent lymphocytic infiltrate than LE patients without CD.

Conclusions: LE seems to be more prevalent in children than in adults and has a significant association with CD in this age group.

© Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America, Inc.

You currently do not have access to this article.

You may need to:

Note: If your society membership provides for full-access to this article, you may need to login on your society’s web site first.


Article Tools


Article Level Metrics

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.