Background: Fecal calprotectin (FC) determined by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test has been proposed as a promising biomarker of endoscopic activity in ulcerative colitis (UC). However, data on its accuracy in predicting endoscopic activity is scarce. Besides, FC determined by the quantitative-point-of-care test (FC-QPOCT) that provides rapid and individual results could optimize its use in clinical practice. The aims of our study were to evaluate the ability of FC to predict endoscopic activity according to the Mayo score in patients with UC when determined by FC-QPOCT and to compare it with the ELISA test (FC-ELISA).
Methods: FC was determined simultaneously by FC-ELISA and FC-QPOCT in patients with UC undergoing colonoscopy. Clinical disease activity and endoscopy were assessed according to the Mayo score. Blood tests were taken to analyze serological biomarkers.
Results: A total of 146 colonoscopies were performed on 123 patients with UC. FC-QPOCT correlated more closely with the Mayo endoscopic subscore (Spearman’s correlation coefficient rank r = 0.727, P < 0.001) than clinical activity (r = 0.636, P < 0.001), platelets (r = 0.381, P < 0.001), leucocytes (r = 0.300, P < 0.001), and C-reactive protein (r = 0.291, P = 0.002). The prediction of “endoscopic remission” (Mayo endoscopic subscore ≤1) with FC-QPOCT (280 µg/g) and FC-ELISA (250 µg/g) presented an area under the curve of 0.906 and 0.924, respectively. The interclass correlation index between both tests was 0.904 (95% confidence interval, 0.864–0.932; P < 0.001).
Conclusions: FC determined by QPOCT was an accurate surrogate marker of “endoscopic remission” in UC and presented a good correlation with the FC-ELISA test.
Article first published online 6 March 2013
Department of Gastroenterology, Bellvitge University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain.
Reprints: Francisco Rodríguez-Moranta, MD, PhD, Department of Gastroenterology, Bellvitge University Hospital, IDIBELL, Feixa Llarga, Hospitalet del Llobregat, 08907 Barcelona, Spain (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
This project was kindly supported by a grant from Societat Catalana de Digestologia and a grant from the Institut d’Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL).
The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.
Received July 26, 2012
Accepted July 30, 2012