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Inflammatory Bowel Diseases:
doi: 10.1002/ibd.23003
Original Clinical Articles

Simulated Comparison of Topical and Oral Formulations of 5-Aminosalicylate for the Treatment of Ulcerative Colitis

Stobaugh, Derrick J. BA, BS*,†; Deepak, Parakkal MD*,†; Thorpe, Matthew BA; Hannon, Bruce PhD§; Ehrenpreis, Eli D. MD*,†

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Abstract

Background: 5-Aminosalicylate (5-ASA) formulations are approved for the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC). Determination of the colonic pharmacokinetics of 5-ASA is challenging. A dynamic model of 5-ASA colonic amounts after oral delayed-release 5-ASA (Asacol), oral extended delayed-release 5-ASA (Lialda), 5-ASA enema (Rowasa), foam and suppositories (Canasa) was developed to determine the colonic kinetics of these agents.

Methods: We created a model with Stella software. Colonic 5-ASA in the right, transverse, descending, sigmoid colon, and rectum were estimated for adults after recommended doses of the above formulations. Simulations of active mild/moderate UC and in remission were performed and compared using Student's t-test for differences in means.

Results: For UC in remission, the highest amounts of 5-ASA were from Asacol in the right and transverse colon (P < 0.01), Lialda in the descending and sigmoid colon (P < 0.01), and Rowasa in the rectum (P < 0.01). For active UC, sigmoid amounts were highest with foam (P < 0.01), and rectal amounts highest with Rowasa (P < 0.01). Differences in rectosigmoid amounts of 5-ASA from enemas and suppositories for UC in remission occurred based on the relationship between the timing of administration relative to the daily bowel movement (P < 0.01).

Conclusions: Compared to Asacol, Lialda results in higher 5-ASA amounts in the left colon. Asacol with Rowasa provides highest 5-ASA amounts across the entire colon. Higher 5-ASA amounts from topical formulations occur when the insertion occurs soon after the daily bowel movement. This model provides a rationale for further investigation.

© Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America, Inc.

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