Development of process and outcome measures for improvement: Lessons learned in a quality improvement collaborative for pediatric inflammatory bowel diseaseCrandall, Wallace V. MD1; Boyle, Brendan M. MD, MPH1; Colletti, Richard B. MD1; Margolis, Peter A. MD, PhD1; Kappelman, Michael D. MD, MPH1Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: October 2011 - Volume 17 - Issue 10 - p 2184–2191 doi: 10.1002/ibd.21702 Clinical Review Abstract Author Information The Institute of Medicine's publications, To Err is Human and Crossing the Quality Chasm, publicized the widespread deficits in healthcare quality. The quality of care in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has not been comprehensively evaluated, in part due to a lack of well‐established IBD measures of quality. Quality can be measured for evaluation, benchmarking, or continuous quality improvement, using structural, process, and outcome measures. Measurement is an essential component of the model for improvement, necessary to determine whether changes made have resulted in improvement. Measures used for quality improvement should be based on evidence and consensus, be clear and collectable in a timely fashion, occur with sufficient frequency, and have the potential to improve outcomes. While no current IBD measures of quality are perfect, an iterative process of measure development can produce a set of measures that are feasible, relevant, and useful for performing quality improvement. This review describes the history, rationale, and methods of quality measurement and discusses the early work and lessons learned from measuring quality of care in a pediatric IBD quality improvement collaborative. (Inflamm Bowel Dis 2011;) 1Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio Nationwide Children's Hospital, 700 Children's Dr., Columbus, OH 43205 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Received 1 February 2011; Accepted 9 February 2011 Published online 31 March 2011 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com). © Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America, Inc.