Skip Navigation LinksHome > July/August 2010 - Volume 28 - Issue 7 > Theory-Based Low-Sodium Diet Education for Heart Failure Pat...
Home Healthcare Nurse:
doi: 10.1097/NHH.0b013e3181e3266f
CE Connection

Theory-Based Low-Sodium Diet Education for Heart Failure Patients

Free Access
Article Outline
Collapse Box

Author Information

For more than 200 additional nursing education articles on home healthcare topics, go to nursingcenter.com/ce.

Earn CE Credit online: Go to http://www.nursingcenter.com/CE/HHN and receive a certificate within minutes.

Back to Top | Article Outline

Theory-based Low-Sodium Diet Education for Heart Failure Patients

TEST INSTRUCTIONS

* To take the test online, go to our secure Web site at http://www.nursingcenter.com/HHN.

* On the print form, record your answers in the test answer section of the CE enrollment form on page 443. Each question has only one correct answer. You may make copies of these forms.

* Complete the registration information and course evaluation. Mail the completed form and registration fee of $21.95 to: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, CE Group, 2710 Yorktowne Blvd., Brick, NJ 08723. We will mail your certificate in 4 to 6 weeks. For faster service, include a fax number and we will fax your certificate within 2 business days of receiving your enrollment form.

* You will receive your CE certificate of earned contact hours and an answer key to review your results. There is no mini- mum passing grade.

* Registration deadline is August 31, 2012.

Back to Top | Article Outline
DISCOUNTS AND CUSTOMER SERVICE

* Send two or more tests in any nursing journal published by Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins together by mail and deduct $0.95 from the price of each test.

* We also offer CE accounts for hospitals and other health care facilities on nursingcenter.com. Call 1-800-787-8985 for details.

Back to Top | Article Outline
PROVIDER ACCREDITATION

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, publisher of Home Healthcare Nurse, will award 2.4 contact hours for this continuing nursing education activity.

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins is accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center's Commission on Accreditation.

This activity is also provider approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider Number CEP 11749 for 2.4 contact hours. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins is also an approved provider of continuing nursing education by the District of Columbia and Florida #FBN2454. Your certificate is valid in all states.

The ANCC's accreditation status of Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Department of Continuing Education refers only to its continuing nursing educational activities and does not imply Commission on Accreditation approval or endorsement of any commercial product.

CE TEST QUESTIONS

GENERAL PURPOSE To present registered professional nurses with theory-based teaching strategies for promoting adherence to a low-sodium diet among patients with heart failure.

LEARNING OBJECTIVES After reading this article and taking this test, you should be able to:

1. Explain various theories helpful for educating patients who have heart failure.

2. Plan the appropriate strategies for teaching patients who have heart failure.

1. How many million people in the U.S. have been diagnosed with heart failure (HF)?

a. about 1.1

b. just under 2.2

c. about 4.4

d. more than 5.5

2. For 2009, the direct and indirect cost of HF is estimated at

a. $18 billion.

b. $23 billion.

c. $37 billion.

d. $46 billion.

3. The theory of planned behavior (TPB) states that the most important determinant of behavior is a person's

a. behavioral intention.

b. intrinsic motivation.

c. visualized advantages.

d. flexibility potential.

4. Which of the following is an independent element of the TPB that is determined by the individual's beliefs about the outcomes of performing the behavior?

a. perceived control

b. attitude

c. subjective norm

d. expectations

5. The first step in encouraging positive behavioral beliefs in the educational protocol that the authors recommend is to

a. explain the fundamental pathophysiology of HF.

b. determine who cooks and shops for the patient.

c. present information about the sodium content of foods.

d. address the risk of hypertension from fluid retention.

6. Whether important significant others approve or disapprove of the behavior is the determinant of an individual's

a. perceived control.

b. attitude.

c. subjective norm.

d. expectations.

7. Beliefs about the availability of resources for and impediments to behavioral performance are the determinants of an individual's

a. perceived control.

b. attitude.

c. subjective norm.

d. expectations.

8. Implementation of the recommended teaching plan begins with

a. identifying the patient's family and social supports.

b. determining the patient's level of education.

c. adjusting the plan to address barriers to adherence.

d. scheduling appointments for home visits and phone calls.

9. It is recommended that a clear connection be made between the impact of which of the following on the symptoms of fluid retention and worsening HF?

a. hypertension

a. shortness of breath

c. high-sodium foods

d. appropriate fluid intake

10. An example of a teaching strategy that addresses attitude is

a. identifying appropriate community resources.

b. adjusting the plan to address barriers to adherence.

c. promoting daily weighing of the patient.

d. giving the patient information about salt substitutes.

11. An example of a teaching strategy that addresses the subjective norm is

a. providing ideas for overcoming barriers to adherence.

b. finding ways to enhance food selections.

c. encouraging the completion of food diaries.

d. including the people involved in the patient's care.

12. An example of a teaching strategy that addresses perceived behavioral control is

a. making frequent follow-up telephone calls.

b. obtaining a detailed medical history.

c. providing instruction about a low-sodium diet.

d. examining the patient's living arrangements.

13. It is recommended that the patient's recipes for favorite foods be altered to

a. exclude dairy products.

b. exclude canned foods.

c. include condensed soups.

d. include fresh vegetables.

14. To plan a sample menu, it is recommended that nurses use

a. low-calorie, commercial recipes.

b. the patient's food diary.

c. meal delivery programs.

d. modified restaurant meals.

15. When patients have upcoming social events that involve food, it is recommended that they

a. omit high-sodium foods for several meals beforehand.

b. bring their own meal from home to the event.

c. plan to eat no more than a few bites of the food at the event.

d. drink extra water when they are dining at the event.

16. Describing daily sodium intake in terms of currency is an example of which creative teaching strategy?

a. metaphor

b. hyperbole

c. simile

d. analogy

Figure. No caption a...
Image Tools

© 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

Login