PURPOSE: To assess whether there was a significant improvement and stabilization (not worse at discharge) in pressure ulcers, lower extremity venous ulcers, surgical wounds, urinary incontinence, bowel incontinence, and urinary tract infections in home health care (HHC) patients cared for by a certified WOC nurse.
SUBJECTS AND SETTING: There were 449,170 episodes of care from a national convenience sample of 785 HHC agencies with 447,309 nonmaternity, adult patients between October 1, 2008, and December 31, 2009.
DESIGN: Descriptive and comparative.
INSTRUMENTS AND METHODS: Data from the Outcome and Assessment Information Set documented by HHC clinicians were analyzed using mixed-effects logistic regression, propensity score analysis, and appropriate parametric and nonparametric tests. An Internet survey identified whether WOC nurses provided care to patients in an HHC agency. Home health care agencies identified records of patients receiving WOC nurse visits/consults.
RESULTS: An HHC patient assigned to a WOC nurse had surgical wounds, pressure ulcers, and incontinence problems that were significantly worse than HHC patients not assigned to a WOC nurse. Patients cared for by a WOC nurse showed significant improvement and stabilization of the number of pressure ulcers and surgical wounds and the frequency of urinary and bowel incontinence, despite having problems that were more severe than other patients. Home health care patients not cared for by WOC nurses, with less-severe wound and incontinence problems, also got better.
CONCLUSIONS: WOC nurses are effective in achieving positive health outcomes for pressure ulcers, surgical wounds, and incontinence in HHC patients with severe health problems.
Donna Z. Bliss, PhD, RN, FAAN, FGSA, Professor, School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.
Bonnie L. Westra, PhD, RN, FAAN, FACMI, Associate Professor, School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.
Kay Savik, MS, Biostatistician, School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.
Yuefeng Hou, MS, Research Assistant, School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Correspondence: Donna Z. Bliss, PhD, RN, FAAN, FGSA, School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, 5–140 Weaver-Densford Hall, 308 Harvard St SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (firstname.lastname@example.org).