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Home Care Nurses’ Perceptions of Control Over Cancer Pain

Vallerand, April Hazard PhD, RN; Anthony, Maureen MSN, CS, NP; Saunders, Mitzi M. MSN, NP, APRN, BC

Article

This qualitative study examined home care nurses’ perceptions of control over cancer pain. Four major themes emerged: Being heard, feeling invisible in the pain management process; not knowing, a need for pain education; control through advocacy; and patient-related barriers to optimal pain management. This study documents the need for continued education in pain management and communication skills for home care nurses.

April Hazard Vallerand, PhD, RN, is Associate Professor, College of Nursing, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan.

Maureen Anthony, MSN, CS, NP, is Doctoral Student, College of Nursing, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, and Assistant Professor, University of Detroit Mercy, Detroit, Michigan.

Mitzi M. Saunders, MSN, NP, APRN, BC, is Doctoral Student, College of Nursing, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan and Assistant Professor, University of Detroit Mercy, Detroit, Michigan.

Address correspondence to: April Hazard Vallerand, PhD, RN, Wayne State University, College of Nursing, 5557 Cass Avenue, Room 364, Cohn Building., Detroit, MI 48202 (April.Vallerand@wayne.edu).

Funding source: National Cancer Institute K22 CA87713-01.

The authors of this article have no significant ties, financial or otherwise, to any company that might have an interest in the publication of this educational activity.

April Hazard Vallerand is a consultant for Alpharma and Elan Pharmaceuticals and is on the Speaker’s Bureau of Janssen Pharmaceutica and Purdue Pharma.

© 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.