This article examines the evidence available on obstacles and facilitating factors for the socioprofessional integration of internationally educated nurses (IENs) and tries to generate best practices concerning their workforce integration. In the nursing shortage context, more and more attention is given to IEN recruitment. Still, IENs’ integration experiences into their new environment are strenuous. Differences in nursing practice and in cultural values, communicational barriers, discrimination, and competency recognition delays complicate this transition. Yet few guidelines are found concerning the best practices to implement to ease this process. This literature review suggests the necessity for a collaborative approach of IEN integration.