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doi: 10.1097/01.HP.0000442724.64697.c2
News and Notices

News and Notices

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2ND INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON THE SYSTEM OF RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION

Following the success of ICRP’s 1st symposium in 2011, the 2nd International Symposium on the System of Radiological Protection was held in Abu Dhabi, on October 22–24, 2013, hosted by the UAE Federal Authority for Nuclear Regulation.

ICRP 2013 attracted nearly 300 registered participants from 37 countries: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Belarus, Belgium, Canada, China, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Kuwait, Luxemburg, Norway, Oman, Portugal, Qatar, Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, UAE, UK, Ukraine, and USA. Participants came from all six Gulf Cooperation Council states, making up about 40% of the attendees.

In addition to a session providing an overview of the work of ICRP, five topical sessions were held on high-priority issues in radiological protection:

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Tissue reactions: The road from science to protection

This session began with the basic science of tissue reactions, in particular radiogenic cataracts and circulatory disease. Presentations also addressed questions of dosimetry, international implementation of new dose limits, implications in medical imaging and other areas, and science and value aspects.

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Advances in recovery preparedness and response following Fukushima

Experiences from Japanese government and non-government perspectives, including engaging with local stakeholders, and progress on clean-up efforts in Fukushima, were a highlight of this session. Two presentations also covered progress outside Japan on planning for recovery following a major accident.

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NORM issues in the real world

A review of the ICRP system of radiological protection on existing exposure situations, followed by an overview of ICRP’s current efforts on radiological protection for Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM), introduced this session. This was balanced by a presentation on practical experience in regulation and management of NORM in North America. A presentation from the Federal Authority on Nuclear Regulation outlined current regulatory developments in the UAE, and a presentation from the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company explored local issues related to waste management in NORM.

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What do we need from ICRP in medicine?

This session opened with views from ICRP on the use of Effective Dose in Medicine, followed by a review of recent and current ICRP efforts in radiological protection in computed tomography (CT). Recent epidemiological studies in pediatric CT were critically examined. Evolving efforts radiological protection in medicine in the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia, as well as international views from the World Health Organisation, were presented.

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The ICRP approach to environmental radiation protection: issues and application

The ICRP approach to protection of the environment, the subject of an ICRP publication in press, was presented, followed by an examination of information on relationships between environmental exposures and consequences for wildlife, and a proposal to improve dosimetry for reference animals and plants. Three presentations focused on the marine environment, including use of the ICRP system, marine biodiversity in Abu Dhabi, and modeling marine exposures and effects after the Fukushima accident.

Presentation materials were made available through the ICRP website in near-real-time, helping to share the results broadly.

Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on the System of Radiological Protection will be published in the Annals of the ICRP. Thanks to support from the German Federal Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, registered participants will be eligible to receive a printed copy at no charge.

ICRP 2013 was made possible in part through the generous support of the host, the UAE Federal Authority for Nuclear Regulation, and other supporters: Emirates Nuclear Energy Corporation; UAE Armed Forces; Abu Dhabi Health Authority; German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety; Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission; Cameco, Canada; Landauer Europe; and, Japan Radioisotope Association.

Information: Christopher Clement, ICRP Scientific Secretary, 280 Slater Street, Ottawa, Ontario K1P 5S9, CANADA. Fax. +1(613) 944-1920. Tel. +1(613) 947-9750. Email. sci.sec@icrp.org. Web Site: http://www.icrp.org/

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DON COOL NAMED TO ICRP MAIN COMMISSION

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The Nuclear Regulatory Commission has announced that Donald Cool has been elected to the Main Commission of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP). Since 1928, the ICRP has developed and overseen a system that is the basis for radiation protection standards and policies used around the world.

Cool was also appointed chairman of ICRP Committee Four, the standing committee on the application of radiological protection recommendations. Cool, who holds a Ph.D. in radiation biology, is a senior advisor in the NRC’s Office of Federal and State Materials and Environmental Management Programs. He has been an active participant in the ICRP for 29 years and a member of the standing committee since 1993. Cool also co-chairs the U.S. Interagency Steering Committee on Radiation Standards and is a council member of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements.

ICRP’s radiological protection recommendations are updated periodically to reflect the latest scientific evidence and radiation protection experience. ICRP has more than 200 volunteer members from roughly 30 countries who are the leading scientists and policymakers involved in radiological protection. The ICRP Main Commission has 12 members and a chairman. ICRP Committee Four provides advice on applying the radiological protection system. Among the issues on its plate, the committee is updating advice on emergency and long-term exposure using experience in contaminated territories such as around Fukushima.

Cool joined the NRC in 1982 as a health physicist in the Fuel Cycle Safety Branch, Office of Nuclear Materials Safety and Safeguards (NMSS). He has held progressively more responsible positions including leader of the Programmatic Safety Section, NMSS; chief of the Radiation Protection and Health Effects Branch, Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research; and director of the Division of Industrial and Medical Nuclear Safety, NMSS.

Information: Maureen Conley, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Office of Public Affairs, Washington, D.C. 20555-0001, USA. Tel. 301/415-8200. Email. opa.resource@nrc.gov. Web Site: www.nrc.gov.

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ICRP MAIN COMMISSION MEETING ABU DHABI, UAE

With the departure of Abel González from the Main Commission in July 2013, Donald Cool was elected to the Main Commission effective immediately, and appointed Committee 4 Chair effective November 1, 2013.

The draft reports Occupational Intakes of Radionuclides Parts 2 and 3 were approved for publication in the Annals of the ICRP, expected to be released along with Part 1 in 2014.

The draft report Radiological Protection in Ion Beam Radiotherapy was approved for public consultation.

Task Group 94 was established on Ethics of Radiological Protection, chaired by Committee 4 member Deborah Oughton.

Issues identified and recommendations of Task Group 84 on Initial Lessons Learned from the NPP Accident in Japan were reviewed, noting that many are already addressed by the recently established Task Group 93 on Update of ICRP Publications 109 and 111. Committee Chairs were tasked with reporting on progress on all issues and recommendations of Task Group 84 at the next meeting of the Main Commission.

Building on the success of the open nominations and voting procedures used to select Committee members for the current term (2013-2017), the Main Commission began a formal review of the ICRP Constitution and rules, including but not limited to aspects related to membership eligibility and selection.

The Main Commission invited senior representatives of organizations in formal relations with ICRP to a special liaison organization session, and discussed current issues and possible future collaboration. Representatives in attendance were from the European ALARA Network, European Nuclear Installations Safety Standards Initiative, European Platform on Preparedness for Nuclear and Radiological Emergency Response and Recovery, Heads of the European Radiological Protection Competent Authorities, International Labour Organization, International Radiation Protection Association, OECD Nuclear Energy Agency, World Health Organization, and World Nuclear Association. Regrets were received from the European Commission, and International Atomic Energy Agency.

ICRP’s 2nd International Symposium on the System of Radiological Protection was held immediately after the Main Commission meeting. The symposium, hosted by the UAE Federal Authority for Nuclear Regulation, attracted nearly 300 participants from 37 countries.

Plans for ICRP 2015, the 3rd International Symposium on the System of Radiological Protection, to be held in Seoul, Korea, October 20-22, 2015, are already underway.

Information: Christopher Clement, ICRP Scientific Secretary, 280 Slater Street, Ottawa, Ontario K1P 5S9, CANADA. Fax. +1(613) 944-1920. Tel. +1(613) 947-9750. Email. sci.sec@icrp.org. Web Site: http://www.icrp.org/

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IAEA SIMULATED “DIRTY BOMB” EMERGENCY EXERCISE

For 26 hours, from 20 to 21 November, the tension was high in emergency operations centers in 57 States and nine international organizations participating in the “Bab Al Maghrib” exercise to test their response to simulated dirty bomb attacks.

The simulated “explosions” took place in the port of Tanger Med and Marrakech medina in Morocco. They “triggered” a number of serious implications: “actual” for few States, “potential” for some and “perceived” for many. Issues addressed during the exercise were connected to a radioactive release into the atmosphere, medical response and public health, security, transparent public communications, industry and tourism and commerce, in particular import and export of goods.

“This exercise provided an excellent opportunity to test information sharing with Member States and our coordination with other international organizations. In addition, we tested the extended capabilities of the IAEA Incident and Emergency System to assess the situation, and the relevance of measures taken by Member States in comparison to our Safety and Security standards and guidance,” said IAEA Deputy Director General Denis Flory, Head of the Department of Nuclear Safety and Security.

Some immediate conclusions were drawn: the collaboration of security and safety authorities in States needs to be improved and communication with the public has to be transparent, objective and easily understandable while protecting sensitive information - a challenging balance to achieve.

Feedback from participating Member States and international organizations is being compiled by the IAEA and will become part of a comprehensive report to be used to strengthen national and international preparedness to respond to similar emergencies.

Although the lessons emerging from the “Bab Al Maghrib” exercise are based on the response to simulated dirty bomb explosions, many are also applicable to other types of nuclear and radiological emergencies.

Information: Division of Public Information, P.O. Box 100, A-1400 Vienna, Austria. Fax: (43-1) 2600-29610. Tel. (43-1) 2600-21273 or 21276. Email. info@iaea.org

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RECENT PUBLICATIONS

Climate Change and Nuclear Power 2013, IAEA Non-serial Publications, CCANP-13. 2013, 114 pp. Downloadable file size: 2.83 MB

Climate change is one of the most important issues facing the world today. Nuclear power can make an important contribution to reducing greenhouse gas emissions while delivering energy in the increasingly large quantities needed for global socioeconomic development.

Nuclear power plants produce virtually no greenhouse gas emissions or air pollutants during their operation and only very low emissions over their entire life cycle. The accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant of March 2011 caused deep public anxiety and raised fundamental questions about the future of nuclear energy throughout the world. It was a wake-up call for everyone involved in nuclear power — a reminder that safety can never be taken for granted. yet, in the wake of the accident, it is clear that nuclear energy will remain an important option for many countries. Its advantages in terms of climate change mitigation are an important reason why many countries intend to introduce nuclear power in the coming decades, or to expand existing programmes. All countries have the right to use nuclear technology for peaceful purposes, as well as the responsibility to do so safely and securely.

The International Atomic Energy Agency provides assistance and information to countries that wish to introduce nuclear power. It also provides information for broader audiences engaged in energy, environmental and economic policy making.

This report has been substantially revised, updated and extended since the 2012 edition. It summarizes the potential role of nuclear power in mitigating global climate change and its contribution to other development and environmental challenges. The report also examines broader issues relevant to the climate change–nuclear energy nexus, such as cost, safety, waste management and non-proliferation. New developments in resource supply, innovative reactor technologies and related fuel cycles are also presented.

Marketing and Sales Unit, Publishing Section, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 100, 1400 Vienna, Austria. Fax. +43 1 2600 29302. Email. sales.publications@iaea.org. Web Site: http://www.iaea.org/books

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HEALTH AND SAFETY COURSES

Institutions offering appropriate courses are invited to send prospectuses to the News Editor well in advance.

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Bevelacqua Resources

ABHP Health Physics Part I Certification Review Course: April 14 – 18, 2014

ABHP Health Physics Part Ii Certification Review Course: May 19 – 23, 2013

Information: Bevelacqua Resources, 343 Adair Drive, Richland, WA 99352 USA. Tel. 509-628-2240. Email. bevelresou@aol.com. Web Site: www.bevelacquaresources.com

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Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU)

Air Sampling for Radioactive Materials: October 27 – 31, 2014

Applied Health Physics: March 3 – April 4, September 8 – October 10, 2014

Environmental Monitoring: April 28 – May 2, 2014

Gamma Spectroscopy: June 2 – 6, 2014, December 8 – 12, 2014

Introduction to Radiation Safety: May 19 – 23, November 3 – 7, 2014

MARSAME: August 25 – 28, 2014

MARSSIM: January13 – 17, June 9 – 13, November 10 – 14, 2014

Medical Radiation Safety Officer Training: August 18 – 22, 2014

Occupational Internal Dosimetry: June 23 – 27, 2014

Radiation Safety Officer Training: June 16 – 20, 2014

Information: Registrar, Professional Training Programs, Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU), P.O. Box 117, MS-11, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-0117, USA. Email. registrar@orau.org. Fax. (865) 241-9152. http://www.orau.org/what-we-do/professional-training.aspx

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NOTICES OF MEETINGS

Organizers of relevant meetings are invited to send announcements and calls for papers to the News Editor well in advance. Societies may also submit forward schedules. A list of meetings is maintained with the journal issue in which a notice appeared in brackets.

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INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON RADIOECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL RADIOACTIVITY 2014 BARCELONA, SPAIN SEPTEMBER 7 TO 12, 2014

The International Conference on Radioecology and Environmental Radioactivity 2014 will cover the acquisition of basic scientific knowledge in research as well as identifying new societal needs and technical requirements for regulators and industry. This will include predicting the consequences of all sources of radioactivity; industrial, (enhanced) natural, accidental and potential. Design of appropriate emergency preparedness routines will be another focus area, as well as supporting the development of laws and regulations that protect man and ecosystems from the effects of radiation. The conference will be a key forum for researchers, industry, regulators and experts for whom radioactivity in the environment is an interest area.

The following themes will be covered

  • Environmental Protection, Surveillance and Risk Management
  • Emergency Preparedness, Rehabilitation, and Management
  • NORM including Mines, Refineries, Conversion Facilities & non-nuclear Industries
  • Radionuclides Speciation & Ecological Transfer
  • Radioecological Sensitivity
  • Environmental risks within a multistressor context and radiobiological effects resulting from chronic radiation exposure regimes.
  • Radioactive Waste Management &Disposal
  • Nuclear Legacy

Information: RADIOACTIVITY 2014, TECHNICAL SECRETARIAT | GRUPO PACÍFICO C/ Marià Cubí 4, 08006 Barcelona, Spain. Fax. 93 238 74 88. Email. icrer2014@pacifico-meetings.com. Web Site: http://radioactivity2014.pacifico-meetings.com/

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