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DETERMINATION OF NATURAL AND DEPLETED URANIUM IN URINE AT THE PPT LEVEL: AN INTERLABORATORY ANALYTICAL EXERCISE

Ough, E A.*; Lewis, B J.*; Andrews, W S.*; Bennett, L G. I.*; Hancock, R G. V.*; D’Agastino, P A.†

doi: 10.1097/01.HP.0000183140.38040.8a
Operational Topic

An analytical exercise was initiated in order to determine those procedures with the capability to measure total uranium and uranium (238U/235U) isotopic ratios in urine samples containing >0.02 μg U kg−1 urine. A host laboratory prepared six identical sets of twelve synthetic urine samples containing total uranium in the range of 25 to 770 ng U kg−1 urine and with 238U/235U isotopic ratios ranging from 138 (100% NU) to 215 (51% DU). Sets of samples were shipped to five testing laboratories (four based in Canada and one based in Europe). Each laboratory utilized one of the following analytical techniques: sector field inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-SF-MS), quadrupole inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-Q-MS), thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS), and instrumental/delayed neutron activation analysis (I/DNAA), in their analyses.

* Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Royal Military College of Canada, 11 General Crerar Crescent, Kingston, ON, Canada K7K 7B4; † DRDC-Suffield, Box 400, Stn Main, Medicine Hat, Alberta, Canada T1A 8K6.

For correspondence or reprints contact: E. Ough, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Royal Military College of Canada, 11 General Crerar Crescent, Kingston, ON, Canada K7K 7B4, or email at edough@telus.net

(Manuscript received 16 May 2005; revised manuscript received 9 August 2005, accepted 10 December 2005)

©2006Health Physics Society