Treatment of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) should be based upon the strongest evidence to achieve optimal patient outcomes. Given the challenges, efforts involved, and delays in uptake of evidence into practice, priorities for knowledge translation (KT) should be chosen carefully. An international workshop was convened to identify KT priorities for acute and rehabilitation care of TBI and develop KT projects addressing these priorities.
An expert panel of 25 neurotrauma clinicians, researchers, and KT scientists representing 4 countries examined 66 neurotrauma research topics synthesized from 2 neurotrauma evidence resources: Evidence Based Review of Acquired Brain Injury and Global Evidence Mapping projects. The 2-day workshop combined KT theory presentations with small group activities to prioritize topics using a modified Delphi method.
Four acute care topics and 3 topics in the field of rehabilitation were identified. These were focused into 3 KT project proposals: optimization of intracranial pressure and nutrition in the first week following TBI; cognitive rehabilitation following TBI; and vocational rehabilitation following TBI.
Three high-priority KT projects were developed: the first combined 2 important topics in acute TBI management of intracranial pressure management and nutrition, and the other projects focused on cognitive rehabilitation and vocational rehabilitation.