Skip Navigation LinksHome > January/February 2014 - Volume 29 - Issue 1 > Screening for Postdeployment Conditions: Development and Cr...
Text sizing:
A
A
A
Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation:
doi: 10.1097/HTR.0b013e318281966e
Original Articles

Screening for Postdeployment Conditions: Development and Cross-Validation of an Embedded Validity Scale in the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory

Vanderploeg, Rodney D. PhD; Cooper, Douglas B. PhD; Belanger, Heather G. PhD; Donnell, Alison J. PhD; Kennedy, Jan E. PhD; Hopewell, Clifford A. PhD; Scott, Steven G. DO

Section Editor(s): Caplan, Bruce PhD, ABPP; Bogner, Jennifer PhD, ABPP

Collapse Box

Abstract

Objective: To develop and cross-validate internal validity scales for the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (NSI).

Participants: Four existing data sets were used: (1) outpatient clinical traumatic brain injury (TBI)/neurorehabilitation database from a military site (n = 403), (2) National Department of Veterans Affairs TBI evaluation database (n = 48 175), (3) Florida National Guard nonclinical TBI survey database (n = 3098), and (4) a cross-validation outpatient clinical TBI/neurorehabilitation database combined across 2 military medical centers (n = 206).

Research Design: Secondary analysis of existing cohort data to develop (study 1) and cross-validate (study 2) internal validity scales for the NSI.

Main Measures: The NSI, Mild Brain Injury Atypical Symptoms, and Personality Assessment Inventory scores.

Results: Study 1: Three NSI validity scales were developed, composed of 5 unusual items (Negative Impression Management [NIM5]), 6 low-frequency items (LOW6), and the combination of 10 nonoverlapping items (Validity-10). Cut scores maximizing sensitivity and specificity on these measures were determined, using a Mild Brain Injury Atypical Symptoms score of 8 or more as the criterion for invalidity. Study 2: The same validity scale cut scores again resulted in the highest classification accuracy and optimal balance between sensitivity and specificity in the cross-validation sample, using a Personality Assessment Inventory Negative Impression Management scale with a T score of 75 or higher as the criterion for invalidity.

Conclusions: The NSI is widely used in the Department of Defense and Veterans Affairs as a symptom-severity assessment following TBI, but is subject to symptom overreporting or exaggeration. This study developed embedded NSI validity scales to facilitate the detection of invalid response styles. The NSI Validity-10 scale appears to hold considerable promise for validity assessment when the NSI is used as a population-screening tool.

© 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Login

Article Level Metrics

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.