Objectives: To assess the efficacy of a standardized 12-week health and wellness group intervention for those with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI).
Study Design: Randomized controlled trial.
Participants: Seventy-four individuals with moderate to severe TBI recruited from the outpatient program at a rehabilitation hospital, a Veterans Affairs Medical Center, and the community.
Method: Eligible participants were randomized to treatment (health and wellness therapy group) or wait-list control (treatment, n = 37; wait-list, n = 37). The primary outcome was the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile-II.
Results: The results of the mixed-model repeated-measures analysis indicated no differences between treatment and control groups engaging in activities to increase their health and well-being.
Conclusions: Findings did not support the efficacy of the intervention. Results may have been impacted by the wide variability of individualized health and wellness goals selected by group members, the structure and/or content of the group, and/or the outcome measures selected.