Skip Navigation LinksHome > May/June 2012 - Volume 27 - Issue 3 > Return to Driving After Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: Incr...
Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation:
doi: 10.1097/HTR.0b013e31822178a9
Focus on Clinical Research and Practice, Part 2

Return to Driving After Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: Increased Risk of Traffic Accidents and Personal Responsibility

Bivona, Umberto PsyD, PhD; D'Ippolito, Mariagrazia PsyD; Giustini, Marco Epid; Vignally, Pascal MD, PhD; Longo, Eloise PhD; Taggi, Franco PhD; Formisano, Rita MD, PhD

Section Editor(s): Caplan, Bruce PhD, ABPP; Bogner, Jennifer PhD, ABPP

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Abstract

Objective: To determine the frequency of road traffic accidents among individuals who start or resume driving after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to investigate their responsibility for these accidents.

Design: Observational/retrospective study.

Participants: Sixty adults with severe TBI and their caregivers.

Measures: Return to Driving Questionnaire and Glasgow Outcome Scale.

Results: Thirty of the 60 participants started to drive or resumed driving after TBI. Nineteen (63%) of them were involved in traffic accidents, with personal responsibility in 26 of 36 after return to driving. Participants caused a significantly higher number of accidents after TBI than before.

Conclusions: The ability to drive is frequently compromised after severe TBI. Specific rehabilitation of this complex activity should be a main goal of social reintegration programs in this population.

© 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

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