Skip Navigation LinksHome > September/October 2010 - Volume 25 - Issue 5 > Predictors of Psychiatric Disorders Following Traumatic Brai...
Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation:
doi: 10.1097/HTR.0b013e3181c8f8e7

Predictors of Psychiatric Disorders Following Traumatic Brain Injury

Whelan-Goodinson, Rochelle DPsych; Ponsford, Jennie Louise PhD; Schönberger, Michael PhD; Johnston, Lisa PhD

Section Editor(s): Caplan, Bruce PhD, ABPP; Issue Editor; Bogner, Jennifer PhD, ABPP; Issue Editor

Collapse Box


Objective: To investigate predictors of posttraumatic brain injury psychiatric disorders.

Design: Retrospective, cross-sectional design with stratified random sampling of groups of patients on average 1 to 5 years postinjury. DSM-based diagnostic interviews of both traumatic brain injury (TBI) participant and informant.

Participants: One hundred community-based participants, aged 19–74 years, with traumatic brain injury sustained 0.05–5.5 years previously.

Setting: Community-based patients previously treated at a rehabilitation hospital.

Main measure: The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV diagnosis.

Results: A psychiatric history was a high-risk factor for having the same disorder postinjury. However, the majority of cases of depression and anxiety were novel, suggesting that significant factors other than pre-TBI psychiatric status contribute to post-TBI psychiatric outcome. Female gender, lower education, and pain were also associated with postinjury depression and unemployment and older age with anxiety.

Conclusion: Findings suggest that long-term screening and support are important for individuals with TBI, regardless of preinjury psychiatric status.

© 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.


Article Tools


Article Level Metrics

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.