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Preliminary Evaluation of the Cognitive and Linguistic Scale: A Measure to Assess Recovery in Inpatient Rehabilitation Following Pediatric Brain Injury

Slomine, Beth PhD; Eikenberg, Janine MS, CCC-SLP; Salorio, Cynthia PhD; Suskauer, Stacy MD; Trovato, Melissa MD; Christensen, James MD

Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation:
doi: 10.1097/01.HTR.0000336841.53338.2f

Objective: A preliminary investigation of the psychometric properties of the Cognitive and Linguistic Scale (CALS), a measure of cognitive and linguistic recovery following brain injury in children and adolescents.

Participants: One hundred children and adolescents (aged 2–19 years) with acquired or traumatic brain injury were included.

Methods: The CALS was administered at inpatient rehabilitation admission and discharge.

Results: Internal consistency and interrater reliability were high. Factor analysis revealed 2 factors (basic responding, higher-level cognitive skills). Correlations with the Functional Independence Measure for Children (WeeFIM) ranged from 0.51 to 0.89; highest correlation was between WeeFIM cognitive domain and CALS total score. CALS scores improved significantly between admission and discharge.

Conclusion: On the basis of these preliminary analyses, the CALS is a promising measure to track cognitive and linguistic recovery in children and adolescents with brain injury during inpatient rehabilitation.

Author Information

From the Department of Neuropsychology, Kennedy Krieger Institute, and Department of Psychiatry, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (Dr Slomine); Department of Communications Sciences and Disorders Program, Kennedy Krieger Institute (Ms Eikenberg); Department of Rehabilitation, Kennedy Krieger Institute, and Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (Drs Salorio, Suskauer, Trovato, and Christensen), Baltimore, Md.

Corresponding author: Beth Slomine, PhD, Department of Neuropsychology, Kennedy Krieger Institute, 707 North Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205 (e-mail:

We are grateful to Heather W. Sesma and Maneesha Jamnadas for data entry. We also thank Art Sesma for his helpful comments about factor analysis.

© 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.