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Evaluation of a Structured Group Format Memory Rehabilitation Program For Adults Following Brain Injury

Thickpenny-Davis, Kirsten L. MA, DClinPsy; Barker-Collo, Suzanne L. MA, PhD

Section Editor(s): Caplan, Bruce PhD, ABPP

Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation: September/October 2007 - Volume 22 - Issue 5 - p 303–313
doi: 10.1097/01.HTR.0000290975.09496.93
Article

Objective: To evaluate the impact of an 8-session structured group format memory rehabilitation program on impaired memory functioning.

Participants: Adults with traumatic brain injury (N = 10) or cerebral vascular accidents (N = 2).

Design: A waitlist control study with pregroup, postgroup, and 1-month follow-up assessments.

Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised: Neuropsychological assessments of memory (California Verbal Learning Test, Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised logical memory, visual-paired associates, and Rey Complex Figure) and both self-report and significant other report of behaviors indicative of memory difficulties and the use of memory strategies.

Results: Participation in the memory group increased participants' knowledge of memory and memory strategies as well as use of memory aids and strategies; reduced behaviors indicative of memory impairment; and had a positive effect on neuropsychological assessments of memory (eg, delayed recall for words and figures). All significant improvements exceeded change experienced by waiting-list controls and were maintained at 1-month follow-up assessment.

Conclusions: While extension of the findings is needed, the memory group has a positive impact on both neuropsychological measures of memory and everyday memory functioning.

From the Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Corresponding author: Suzanne L. Barker-Collo, MA, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand 1142 (e-mail: s.barker-collo@auckland.ac.nz).

© 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.