Objective: To evaluate the impact of an 8-session structured group format memory rehabilitation program on impaired memory functioning.
Participants: Adults with traumatic brain injury (N = 10) or cerebral vascular accidents (N = 2).
Design: A waitlist control study with pregroup, postgroup, and 1-month follow-up assessments.
Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised: Neuropsychological assessments of memory (California Verbal Learning Test, Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised logical memory, visual-paired associates, and Rey Complex Figure) and both self-report and significant other report of behaviors indicative of memory difficulties and the use of memory strategies.
Results: Participation in the memory group increased participants' knowledge of memory and memory strategies as well as use of memory aids and strategies; reduced behaviors indicative of memory impairment; and had a positive effect on neuropsychological assessments of memory (eg, delayed recall for words and figures). All significant improvements exceeded change experienced by waiting-list controls and were maintained at 1-month follow-up assessment.
Conclusions: While extension of the findings is needed, the memory group has a positive impact on both neuropsychological measures of memory and everyday memory functioning.
From the Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
Corresponding author: Suzanne L. Barker-Collo, MA, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand 1142 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).