Skip Navigation LinksHome > May/June 2006 - Volume 21 - Issue 3 > Insomnia in Patients With Traumatic Brain Injury: Frequency,...
Text sizing:
A
A
A
Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation:
Original Article

Insomnia in Patients With Traumatic Brain Injury: Frequency, Characteristics, and Risk Factors

Ouellet, Marie-Christine PhD; Beaulieu-Bonneau, Simon MPs; Morin, Charles M. PhD

Section Editor(s): Caplan, Bruce PhD, ABPP (CN, RP)

Collapse Box

Abstract

Objectives: To document the frequency of insomnia (according to DSM-IV and ICSD criteria), to describe its sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, and to identify potential predictors of insomnia in persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Participants and procedure: Four hundred fifty-two participants aged 16 years and older with minor to severe TBI answered a questionnaire pertaining to quality of sleep and fatigue.

Main outcome measures: Proportion of participants fulfilling criteria for insomnia symptoms or syndrome. Validated measures of insomnia severity, fatigue level, and psychologic distress. Results of a logistic regression analysis.

Results: Overall, 50.2% of the sample reported insomnia symptoms and 29.4% fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for an insomnia syndrome. For the latter participants, insomnia was a severe and chronic condition remaining untreated in almost 60% of cases. Risk factors associated with insomnia were milder TBIs, and higher levels of fatigue, depression, and pain.

Conclusion: Insomnia is a prevalent condition after TBI requiring more clinical and scientific attention as it may have important repercussions on rehabilitation.

© 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

Login

Article Tools

Share

Article Level Metrics

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.