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Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation:
Selected Reviews in Psychopharmacology

Sleep Disturbances and Their Management in Patients with Brain Injury

Thaxton, Lora MD; Myers, Mary Ann MD

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Abstract

Objectives: Sleep disturbances in people with brain injuries, although quite common, remain a problematic management issue for caregivers. This article will review the architecture of sleep, the assessment of insomnia, and discussion of common medications that may exacerbate the problem. Nonpharmacological management techniques, including stimulus control, sleep restriction, and relaxation therapy, will also be discussed.

Main Outcome Measures: An intensive analysis of pharmacological agents used in treatment, including descriptions of the positive and negative effects of the various classes of drugs (e.g., sedative/hypnotics, antihistamines, dopamine agonists, and stimulants) will be provided.

Conclusions: These discussions will hopefully assist in the decision-making processes of caregivers managing this unique group of persons with sleep difficulties.

© 2002 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

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