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Transformational leadership and workplace injury and absenteeism: Analysis of a National Nursing Assistant Survey

Lee, Doohee; Coustasse, Alberto; Sikula, Andrew Sr.

doi: 10.1097/HMR.0b013e3182100bf7
Features

Background: Transformational leadership (TL) has long been popular among management scholars and health services researchers, but no research studies have empirically tested the association of TL with workplace injuries and absenteeism among nursing assistants (NAs).

Purpose: This cross-sectional study seeks to explore whether TL is associated with workplace injuries and absenteeism among NAs.

Methodology: We analyzed the 2004 National Nursing Assistant Survey data (n = 2,882). A multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to test the role of TL in the context of workplace performances.

Principal Findings: Results reveal that the TL model was positively linked to workplace injury in the level of NAs. Injury-related absenteeism was also associated with the TL style, indicating that TL behaviors may help address workplace absence among NAs.

Practice Implications: Findings suggest that introducing TL practices may benefit NAs in improving workplace performances.

Doohee Lee, PhD, is Associate Professor, Graduate School of Management, Lewis College of Business, Marshall University, Charleston, West Virginia. E-mail: leed@marshall.edu.

Alberto Coustasse, Dr. PH, MD, MBA, MPH, is Associate Professor, Graduate School of Management, Marshall University, Charleston, West Virginia.

Andrew Sikula Sr., PhD, is the Richard Miller Distinguished Professor of Management, Lewis College of Business, Marshall University, Huntington, West Virginia.

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

© 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.